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How To Clean A Couch

2024 Guide on How to Clean a Couch

Couches are not just pieces of furniture; they are essential elements of our living spaces where we relax, entertain guests, and spend quality time with loved ones. To ensure the longevity and cleanliness of your couch, regular cleaning is crucial. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore effective methods and techniques on how to clean a couch, the different types of couches and remove stubborn stains. Let’s dive in!

How to clean a Couch

Before delving into the cleaning process, it’s essential to understand the material and upholstery of your couch. Different couches require specific cleaning approaches to avoid damage and achieve optimal results. Whether you have a fabric sofa, leather couch, microfiber upholstery, or a luxurious velvet piece, we have you covered.

Know the type of fabric your couch has

Here are codes that are found on the back of your couch or under your back rest or seat cushions and the type of cleaning required for each fabric.

Cleaning Code
Fabric Cleaning Codes


What is the best way to clean fabric upholstery?

Preparing for Cleaning

Before you start cleaning your couch, gather the necessary cleaning supplies and equipment. Here’s a checklist of items you’ll need:

Soft-bristle brush or vacuum cleaner with upholstery attachment
Microfiber cloths or clean white towels
Mild detergent or specialized cleaning solution
Water-based upholstery cleaner (for fabric couches)
Leather-safe cleaner and conditioner (for leather couches)
White vinegar or rubbing alcohol
Baking soda
Spray bottle
Optional: Upholstery protector or fabric refreshener

General Cleaning Tips

  • Dusting and Vacuuming the Couch: Begin by removing loose dust and debris from the surface and crevices of your couch. Use a soft-bristle brush or a vacuum cleaner with an upholstery attachment to gently brush or vacuum the entire couch.
  • Removing Loose Debris and Crumbs: Carefully remove any visible debris or food crumbs from the couch using your hands or a lint roller. Be thorough in reaching between cushions and along seams.
  • Using Appropriate Cleaning Tools for Different Surfaces: Select the cleaning tools and solutions suitable for your specific couch material. Different surfaces may require varying levels of care and attention.

Cleaning a Fabric Sofa

Fabric sofas require gentle yet effective cleaning techniques. Follow these steps:

  • Pre-treating Stains: Before tackling stains, it’s essential to identify the stain type and choose an appropriate stain remover.
  • Blot the stain gently with a clean cloth, avoiding vigorous rubbing.
  • Using Fabric-Friendly Cleaning Solutions: Prepare a cleaning solution by mixing a small amount of mild detergent or water-based upholstery cleaner with water.
  • Dip a clean cloth or sponge into the solution and gently blot the stained area.
  • Removing Odor and Refreshing the Fabric: To eliminate odors, sprinkle baking soda on the couch surface and let it sit for 15-20 minutes.
  • Vacuum the baking soda using a brush attachment to freshen up the fabric.


How upholstery Cleaning Fights Microscopic particles

Cleaning a Leather Couch

Leather couches require special care to maintain their appearance and durability. Follow these steps:

Using a Leather-Safe Cleaner: Choose a cleaner specifically formulated for leather upholstery. Apply a small amount to a clean cloth and gently wipe the surface, paying attention to stained or soiled areas.

Conditioning and Moisturizing the Leather: To prevent leather from drying out, use a leather conditioner following the manufacturer’s instructions. Apply the conditioner evenly and buff the surface for a renewed shine.

Dealing with Specific Stains and Marks on Leather: For stubborn stains, consult the manufacturer’s guidelines or seek professional help to avoid damaging the leather.

Leather Steam Cleaning
Leather Couch Cleaning with Steam


The Ultimate guide to Leather Couch Cleaning

Cleaning a Microfiber Couch

Microfiber upholstery is known for its durability and stain resistance. Follow these steps to effectively clean your microfiber couch:

Dry Brushing the Couch: Gently brush the surface of the couch using a soft-bristle brush. This helps remove loose debris and restore the fabric’s appearance.

Spot Cleaning and Removing Stains: To tackle stains, create a cleaning solution by mixing a small amount of mild detergent with water. Dip a clean cloth into the solution, wring out the excess moisture, and blot the stained area.

Reviving the Appearance of Microfiber: After spot cleaning, use a clean, dry cloth to gently rub the couch in circular motions. This process helps restore the softness and texture of the microfiber.

Couch Steam Cleaning To remove Perspiration, Dead Skin Cells, Mold and Odors

How to Clean a Velvet Couch

Velvet couches exude luxury and elegance but require delicate care. Follow these steps to clean your velvet couch effectively:

Gentle Brushing to Remove Dust: Use a soft-bristle brush to remove surface dust from the velvet upholstery. Brush in the direction of the nap to avoid damaging the fabric.

Spot Cleaning Delicate Velvet Fabric: For small stains, create a cleaning solution by mixing water and mild detergent. Dip a clean cloth into the solution, wring out excess moisture, and gently blot the stained area.

Preserving the Texture and Sheen of Velvet: After spot cleaning, use a velvet brush or a clean, soft-bristle brush to restore the fabric’s texture and sheen. Brush in the direction of the nap, allowing the fabric to dry naturally.

Stain Removal Techniques

No matter the material of your couch, stains are bound to happen. Here are some effective stain removal techniques:

Food and Drink Stains: Blot the stain gently with a clean cloth or sponge. Use a mild detergent solution or a specialized stain remover, following the instructions on the product label.

Ink and Marker Stains: Dab the stain with a cloth soaked in rubbing alcohol. Blot gently until the ink transfers to the cloth. Repeat if necessary, then rinse the area with water and pat dry.

Pet Stains and Odors: Blot the stain with a clean cloth to remove any excess liquid. Mix equal parts white vinegar and water in a spray bottle and spray the stained area. Blot the stain again and let it air dry. For persistent odors, sprinkle baking soda on the affected area, let it sit for a few hours, and vacuum it up.

Oil and Grease Stains: Sprinkle baking soda or cornstarch on the stain to absorb the oil. Let it sit for 15-20 minutes, then brush or vacuum the residue. If necessary, apply a small amount of mild dish soap mixed with water to the stain, blot gently, and rinse with water.

Water and Liquid Stains: Gently blot the stain with a clean cloth or paper towel to absorb as much liquid as possible. Let the area air dry naturally, avoiding heat sources. For stubborn water stains, consult professional upholstery cleaning services.

Dealing with Special Cleaning Situations

Couches with Removable Covers

Removing the Covers: Carefully remove the covers according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Washing the Covers: Check the care label on the covers for specific washing instructions. Use a mild detergent and wash them separately or with similar colors on a gentle cycle. Avoid using bleach or harsh chemicals.

Drying and Reattaching the Covers: Air dry the covers or use a low heat setting in the dryer if allowed. Once dry, reattach the covers to the couch, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

Couches with Water Stains or Mold

Identifying the Extent of Damage: Assess the extent of water damage or mold growth on your couch. If the damage is extensive or if you’re unsure how to proceed, consider seeking professional help.

Drying the Couch: If the water damage is recent, use clean towels or absorbent materials to blot the moisture from the affected areas. Open windows or use fans to promote airflow and aid in drying.

Treating Mold Growth: For minor mold growth, create a cleaning solution by mixing equal parts white vinegar and water. Spray the affected areas and let the solution sit for 15-20 minutes. Scrub gently with a soft brush, then wipe away the mold and vinegar solution with a clean cloth.

Preventing Future Mold Growth: Ensure proper ventilation in the room and address any moisture issues. Consider using a dehumidifier to reduce humidity levels.

How Upholstery Cleaning Fights Microscopic Particles. Upholstery Cleaning to remove perspiration, dead skin. cells, bacteria, viruses, mold, and stains using steam at 170°C, certified by the institute for Hygiene & Microbiology
Upholstery Cleaning to remove perspiration, dead skin cells, bacteria, viruses, mold, and stains using steam at 170°C, certified by the institute for Hygiene & Microbiology

DIY Solutions for Couch Cleaning

If you prefer natural and homemade cleaning solutions, here are a few options:

Baking Soda and Water: Create a paste using baking soda and water. Apply the paste to stains or odorous areas, let it sit for a few minutes, and then wipe it away with a damp cloth.

White Vinegar and Water: Mix equal parts white vinegar and water in a spray bottle. Spray the solution on stains or odorous areas, let it sit for a few minutes, and then blot with a clean cloth.

Rubbing Alcohol: Dampen a clean cloth with rubbing alcohol and gently blot the stained area. Repeat if necessary, then rinse the area with water and pat dry.

Maintaining and Protecting Your Couch

To keep your couch in excellent condition, follow these maintenance and protection tips:

Regular Dusting and Vacuuming: Dust and vacuum your couch regularly to prevent the buildup of dirt and debris.

Avoid Direct Sunlight: Protect your couch from direct sunlight, as prolonged exposure can fade or discolor the fabric or leather.

Use Upholstery Protectors: Consider using upholstery protectors or fabric sprays designed to repel stains and spills. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application.

Address Spills and Stains Promptly: Act quickly to clean up spills and stains to prevent them from setting and becoming harder to remove.

Rotate Cushions: Rotate and flip the cushions periodically to ensure even wear and maintain the shape of your couch.


Knowing how to clean your couch and cleaning your couch regularly by using the appropriate techniques and products can help maintain its cleanliness, appearance, and longevity. By understanding the specific needs of your couch material, following proper cleaning methods, and addressing stains promptly, you can enjoy a fresh and inviting couch for years to come. Remember to always consult the manufacturer’s instructions and seek professional help when in doubt. Happy couch cleaning!


Curtain Cleaning, a safe and effective method for cleaning


How often should I clean my couch?

Regularly dust and vacuum your couch, and address stains and spills as soon as possible. A deep clean every 6-12 months is recommended.

Can I use bleach to clean my couch?

It is generally not recommended to use bleach on couches, as it can damage the fabric or upholstery. Always check the care label or manufacturer’s instructions for suitable cleaning methods.

What is the best method to clean a leather couch?

Leather Steam Cleaning

Use a leather-safe cleaner and conditioner specifically formulated for leather upholstery. Follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer. Leather Steam cleaning is the best method for cleaning leather as steam is able to penetrate into the grooves and cracks that a brush cannot.

Is it safe to use a steam cleaner on my couch?

Cleaning Services In Durban, cleaner steam cleaning a couch

Steam cleaners can be effective for cleaning certain types of couches, but it is crucial to check the manufacturer’s instructions and suitability for your specific couch material. Improper use of steam cleaners can cause damage.

Can I remove stains from my couch without professional help?

Many stains can be successfully removed with the appropriate cleaning techniques and products. However, for stubborn or extensive stains, it is advisable to seek professional upholstery cleaning services.

How to clean a fabric sofa at home?

Vacuum your couch with an upholstery tool to remove dust and debris. Use a soft cloth or brush if you do not have a vacuum. Take care not to rub in the dust and debris. Use any stick tape( masking tape) to remove pet hair. Mix 2 cups of warm water, 1 teaspoon of sunlight liquid and 1 teaspoon of vinegar in a bucket. Wet your soft cloth and squeeze off access water. Lightly blot stained area. Do not soak the couch as this will incease drying time. Blot the cleaned area with a dry soft cloth until all access moisture is removed.

Written by Sue

Meet Sue Naidoo, a seasoned cleaning expert and successful business owner. Her passion for empowering others with practical cleaning knowledge shines through her insightful and approachable writing. Sue’s articles make even the toughest cleaning tasks manageable, reflecting her genuine desire to help. Beyond cleaning, Sue finds solace in crocheting and caring for pets, adding warmth and relatability to her advice. Whether you’re a cleaning novice or a seasoned professional, Sue’s writings offer a wealth of knowledge and inspiration, making her a trusted voice in the industry.

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